When it comes to developing a skin care routine that optimizes the health of your skin, there are many variables to consider. With products for every type of skin need, it can be difficult to identify which is right for you.
The first step in formulating your individual skin care routine is to identify what kind of skin you have. Is it dry or oily, light or dark, wrinkled or smooth, or somewhere in between? Ingredients in each skin care product should be tailored to meet the needs of your particular skin type. There are three basic skin types:
Which type of skin you have depends on the amount of oil your skin produces.
No matter what your skin type, though, the basic steps of a good skin care routine are the same:
No matter what your skin type, you will most likely only need to wash your face in the morning and before bed. Since the skin loses its natural lubrication when it is over-washed, it’s best to keep extra washing to a minimum.
Bar soap can be harsh and drying to the skin, so use a cleanser specifically formulated for the face. Look for products that are specifically designed for your skin type and then experiment to find the one that works best for you. Often times products will be labeled according to the special skin type or skin need that it addresses.
If you have dry skin, make sure that you aren’t using too harsh of a cleanser. Dry skin needs gentle cleansing. Try beauty bars, which are “superfatted” and contain emollients, like olive oil or lanolin, which make the skin softer and add lipids to the skin. Milky liquid cleansers and tissue-off cleansing creams are also good options for dry skin.
If you have oily skin, avoid “superfatted” soaps and creamy cleansers, as these will only increase the amount of oil on the skin. Instead, use products designed for oily skin. Don’t give in to the temptation to wash your face every time it feels greasy. By doing so, you’ll kick the sebaceous gland’s production of oil into overdrive as the skin tries to replace the lubrication it loses when it is washed.
For combination/normal skin, look for products labeled for your skin type. Most likely, you’ll have to experiment to find the right cleanser for your particular skin. The right cleanser will be one that doesn’t overdry skin but still does a good job of cleaning off dirt and oil.
Watch this video for more information on Perricone’s Skin Clear products:
Moisturizer is a must for dry skin. The drier the skin, the more moisturizing ingredients your moisturizer should contain. Some ingredients to look for are:
- Hyaluronic acid
Another ingredient to try is olive oil. It is a natural moisturizer because it contains oleic acid, a powerful emollient. If you don’t have acne, you can try applying olive oil to your face as an at-home moisturizer.
Oily skin generally doesn’t need extra moisture, but there are moisturizers out there for those with oily skin. If you feel you need a moisturizer for your oily skin, look for “non-comodogenic” products that won’t clog pores, and find ones with humectants, like glycerin, which lock moisture into the skin by attracting and retaining water.
For combination skin, use moisturizer in the places where you need it, but don’t apply it everywhere if you have oily areas on your face. Usually the driest areas are on the cheeks. If you have dry areas under your eyes, use a cream designed for the eye area since this delicate skin is thinner than the rest of the skin on the face.
- Use moisturizer when the skin is still damp. This helps the skin lock in extra moisture.
- Only use as much moisturizer as you need. Over-moisturizing can cause clogged pores, leading to breakouts.
After cleansing and moisturizing, your skin care routine should tailor to the specific conditions that affect your skin.
For wrinkles and sagging, or to achieve an “instant lift” effect, look for products that contain antioxidants and DMAE. Antioxidants repair cells and reduce the appearance of wrinkles, while DMAE boosts production of acetylcholine, making skin firmer and tighter.
For red or irritated skin, use a product that contains vitamin C ester. As well as being an antioxidant, vitamin C ester is soothing and non-irritating to the skin. It can reduce redness and irritation, even from sunburn or psoriasis.
To reduce the appearance of pores, look for products that both reduce the amount of bacteria on the face and fill in excess space left by enlarged pores. For example, Dr. Perricone formulates his pore refining products with:
- Beta glucans to dispose of excess bacteria that clogs and inflames pores
- Microspheres to fill in pores
If you have acne, there are plenty of products to choose from, although you may have to experiment to find the best treatment for adult acne that works for you. Cleansers often contain acne-fighting ingredients like salicylic acid. The ideal acne treatment both reduces breakouts while not overdrying the skin.
Finding a product that is tailored to your skin care concerns can greatly improve the appearance of your skin and improve skin conditions considerably, so take time to experiment.
A good skin care routine isn’t just about looking good for the day. It’s also about setting yourself up for beautiful and healthy skin for life. Taking the proper steps to promote both short- and long-term skin health is just as important as washing your face.
Sunscreen is an important product for everyone to include in their skin care routines. To streamline your daily routine, look for moisturizers or products you would use anyway that also contain SPF 15. If you’re planning on being outside for any extended period of time, take the time to use stronger SPF. Without proper protection, damage from years of unprotected time in the sun eventually shows up in the form of wrinkles, sun spots, and uneven pigmentation.
Another easy way to promote skin health is by using products that contain antioxidants. Antioxidants protect the cell by neutralizing free radicals, which are unstable cells that take electrons from healthy cells. By incorporating a skin care product with antioxidants into your everyday routine, like the Concentrated Restored Treatment, you help your body fight off the free radicals that cause cell damage and unhealthy skin.
If you don’t have time to apply many different products, don’t worry. Many products address more concerns than you expect. For example, many moisturizers contain SPF, and many repairing products contain the same ingredients that will prevent future skin problems. Read labels to find out how many aspects of your routine you can address with each product.
However, even if you are able to combine some parts of your routine, make sure you are getting the best possible products for your individual concerns. Your skin will thank you later.
Dr. Perricone’s line of skin-care products includes products that cover multiple concerns and also products that address a particular concern or area of the skin.