Wrinkles come as a result of aging. They are grooves in the skin and can be on the surface of the skin or deeper. Wrinkles occur mostly on the face, neck, and hands because the skin is thinner and more commonly exposed to sun.
When people get older, the fat under the face is lost and causes skin to sag. Collagen and elastin, the proteins which keep skin tight, are also lost when the skin ages. There are many other factors that play a part in how quickly, or slowly wrinkles appear.
This article will discuss:
Wrinkles are caused by aging, but some people develop wrinkles earlier than others. Some people are just more prone to wrinkles because of genetics.
Other causes include:
- Sun exposure
- Free radicals
- Repeated facial expressions
- Rapid weight loss
While most wrinkles are due to fat loss and decreased collagen, sun exposure makes up for 90% of premature aging signs. Sun damage is also known as photoaging. Photoaging can also cause freckles, yellowing, roughness, visible blood vessels, and dark spots. The sun’s UVA and UVB rays are very damaging to skin and can even lead to skin cancer.
Free radicals are very unstable molecules which can cause skin damage. Free radicals either lack or have an extra electron and try to find other molecules to take or give an electron. Wrinkles are caused by free radicals because free radical damage activates the matrix metalloproteinases which break down collagen, the protein that keeps skin tight. Sunlight, smoking, and pollution increases free radical damage.
Hormones can play a part in how affected people are by wrinkles. Menopause or decreased estrogen can cause skin to become thinner and wrinkled.
Repeated facial expressions
Repeated facial expressions can cause wrinkles because elasticity is lost. Crows feet on the outer eye corners and frown lines between the eyebrows are some wrinkles caused by repeated facial expressions.
Rapid weight loss
Rapid weight loss can cause wrinkles. The volume of fat cells is decreased and causes the skin to sag. This is one of the reasons wrinkles come with aging because of fat loss in the face.
Wrinkles develop slowly over time on the face and neck. A healthy lifestyle can delay the appearance of wrinkles.
To reduce the appearance of wrinkles:
- Avoid the sun: Apply a sunscreen of at least SPF 15 about 15 minutes before contact with the sun. Constantly squinting while in the skin can cause crows feet, the wrinkles that form on eye’s outer corners. Also, tanning beds are one of the major causes of premature aging skin.
- Don’t smoke: Along with wrinkles, smoking causes dark circles and skin discoloration.
- Get enough sleep: Cortisol, a hormone that breaks down skin cells, is produced in excess when people don’t get enough sleep.
- Have a healthy diet: Protein, fruits, and vegetables help keep cells healthier. Antioxidants found in acai and pomegranates help fight free radical damage which causes wrinkles.
Plastic surgery is not the only way to get rid of wrinkles. There are many risks to think about when considering plastic surgery. Scarring, infection, and bleeding can occur during surgeries like face lifts. Dermabrasion and chemical peels are other medical procedures performed to reduce the appearance of wrinkles. These procedures are also expensive and may need to be redone to maintain results.
Dr. Nicholas Perricone‘s Serum Prep is a topical cream formulated with DMAE and Phospholipids to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles by firming and toning skin. The topical also hydrates skin like a moisturizer. Perricone Cold Plasma also contains key sciences that work together to combat signs of aging. Cold plasma reviews discuss how the sciences including DHA, DMAE and neuropeptide technology work together against signs of aging.
- Contours skin to maintain skin’s elasticity
- Lifts, tightens, and tones skin
- Dimishes the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles
- Repairs damaged skin
- Hydrates and helps treat dry skin
Treating wrinkles is not impossible. The first step in knowing how to get rid of wrinkles is learning what causes them and how to prevent or slow development. The next step is choosing a safe method to get rid of wrinkles.