Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that affects more than 14 million Americans. The cause is unknown and there is no cure, leaving many people to struggle with the often disruptive symptoms of this disorder. Rosacea is not contagious and cannot be spread through skin contact. Rosacea is characterized by redness: flushing, bumps and pimples, bloodshot eyes, and prolonged redness of the face. Because symptoms frequently include pimples that look like whiteheads, rosacea is often confused with acne.
Symptoms of rosacea usually begin after age 30. The condition is three times more common in women than men, but men often report more severe symptoms. This may be because many men wait to be diagnosed, allowing the condition to worsen.
Anyone can get rosacea, although several factors are associated with your likelihood of being affected. There is some indication that rosacea may be inherited, because a large percentage of patients have a family member with the condition. Ethnicity may also play a role. Women of Irish and English descent are the most commonly represented rosacea patients. Generally, those with light skin and eyes between the ages of 30 and 50 are the most likely to have rosacea.
This article will discuss:
Rosacea manifests with many symptoms, most of which are types of skin redness and irritation. Some of the most common symptoms include:
- Facial flushing or a blush-like symptom that comes and goes
- Long-lasting redness that can appear like a sunburn
- Small, hard bumps or pimples may appear accompanied by stinging and burning
- Visible blood vessels
- Bloodshot and watery eyes
- Skin thickening
Although the exact cause of rosacea is unknown, many patients recognize a pattern between outbreaks associated with certain internal and external triggers. These triggers can include a variety of things the patient experiences or is exposed to:
- Certain food and beverages such as alcohol, spicy food, citrus fruit, and cheese
- Temperature, most often when overheated
- Weather, including sun, wind, cold, and humidity
- Emotions, especially stress and anxiety
- Skin care products containing irritants like alcohol or perfumes
- Exertion, anything that overheats the face could cause an outbreak
- Existing medical conditions like menopause
Because these categories could include virtually anything, rosacea patients have to pay close attention to what could be causing their outbreaks. Once triggers are identified, it is much easier for patients to avoid triggers and reduce the number of their outbreaks.
Treatment for rosacea varies widely from patient to patient because the symptoms and triggers vary so much between patients. Frequently, the initial treatment includes antibiotics to control an outbreak. It is thought that antibiotics are effective because of their anti-inflammatory effects rather than their antibacterial properties. Eye drops are often prescribed for patients with bloodshot and watery eyes.
Once outbreaks are under control, topical creams an be used for long-term treatment. There are many creams available that address some of the problems associated with rosacea. Prescription acne creams are sometimes used to reduce the occurrence of pustules, while other creams are tailored to be broader treatments. However, steroid creams should never be used to treat rosacea since they can actually cause rosacea-like symptoms as side effects..
In some cases where extensive redness, visible blood vessels, and nose thickening are prominent, patients choose to undergo laser treatments or surgery in order to reduce the appearance of symptoms.
Many patients benefit from following a good skin care routine and then use makeup to conceal any remaining redness. To avoid common rosacea triggers, all skin care and makeup products should be gentle and have minimal fragrance to avoid irritating skin.
More products than ever are formulated for sensitive skin, making it easier to find appropriately non-irritating products for rosacea. Dr Perricone‘s skin care line has a number of products that are gentle enough for skin with rosacea. They also contain potent ingredients like vitamin C ester that can reduce rosacea symptoms like redness and irritation. If you chose to purchase something from the skin care line, don’t forget your Perrionce code to save money on your order.
Gentle Cleanser is formulated with antioxidants and olive oil polyphenols to cleanse and smooth skin without irritation. It works to prevent outbreaks that could be caused by harsh cleansers while also keeping the skin clean and pores unclogged. Rosacea patients should use their fingers to wash skin and avoid abrasive sponges or wash pads.
Concentrated Restorative Cream contains vitamin C ester. This night treatment is used to reduce skin discolorations and imperfections like those that can result from rosacea outbreaks. Using a repairing treatment like this may help to reduce the appearance of redness without having to go to the extreme of undergoing costly medical procedures.
More information on Concentrated Restorative Treatment is available in this video:
If you suspect that you may have rosacea, check out this list of symptoms and decide if you need to talk to your doctor. The sooner rosacea is identified, the easier it to identify your triggers and begin tailoring a treatment to your symptoms.