Gylcolic acid, or hydroxyacetic acid, is the smallest alpha hydroxy acid and is used in some skin care products, including Dr Perricone Skin Care. Glycolic acid can be found through isolation of such foods like sugarcane, sugar beets, pineapple, cantaloupe, and unripe grapes.
Wondering how glycolic acid can improve skin?
This article will discuss:
Alpha hydroxy acids are a class of organic carboxylic chemical compounds. They occur naturally or can be produced synthetically. Alpha hydroxy acids are more commonly used in skin moisturizers, cleansers, toners, and masks to improve skin’s complexion.
Alpha hydroxy acids found in skin care products include:
- Glycolic acid – sugar cane
- Lactic acid – sour milk
- Malic acid – apples and pears
- Citric acid – oranges and lemons
- Tartaric acid – grapes
Glycolic acid and lactic acid are the more commonly used alpha hydroxy acids because they penetrate skin more easily because of their bioavailability characteristic. Also, more research concerning effectiveness and side effects has been done with glycolic acid and lactic acid.
Alpha hydroxy acids have also been linked to increasing collagen and elastin production for tighter, more contoured skin. For skin care products, the ideal concentration of alpha hydroxy acid is between 5% to 8%. Most over-the-counter products contain this low concentration of alpha hydroxy acid. Products with lower concentrations can be used daily. Using products with much higher concentrations around 10% and 50% can show more pronounced results, but only last temporarily. Some mild side effects from alpha hydroxy acid include skin redness, irritations, and flaking.
Glycolic acid can improve skin by:
- Smoothing texture
- Reducing wrinkles
- Diminishing acne scars and hyperpigmentation
- Treating sun-damaged, oily, and dry skin
- Helping with actinic keratosis, hyperkeratosis, and seborrheic keratosis
Most often, glycolic acid is used in chemical peels. Chemical peels remove the damaged layers of skin to improve skins appearance, but some risks may come with chemical peels, as with most cosmetic operations. In addition, chemical peels must be repeated every 3 to 6 months to maintain results. Chemical peels can either be performed by a dermatologist or at home. The at-home chemical peel kits contain a much lower concentration of glycolic acid.
Topical creams formulated with glycolic acid work well to improve skin’s appearance because glycolic acid reacts with the upper layer of the skin’s epidermis to weaken the lipids binding properties which hold skin’s dead cells together. After the dead skin cells are separated, they can be easily removed to reveal softer, smoother skin.
Glycolic acid is also used as:
- Intermediates for organic synthesis
- Monomers in preperation of polyglycolic acid
- Dyeing and tanning agents
- Food flavoring agents and preservatives
Advanced Face Firming Activator from Dr Perricone Skincare is formulated with glycolic acid and can correct imperfections for more radiant and youthful skin.
Ingredients: Aqua (Water), Glycolic Acid, L-Tyrosine, Thioctic Acid (Alpha Lipoic Acid), Dimethyl MEA (DMAE), Isopropyl Palmitate, Triethanolamine, Hydroxylated Lecithin, Cetearyl Alcohol, Glyceryl Stearate, PEG-100 Stearate, Camellia Oleifera (Green Tea) Leaf Extract, Ammonium Acryloyldimethyltaurate/VP Copolymer, Urea, Glycosaminoglycans, Ceteareth-20, Cyclopentasiloxane, Polysorbate 60, Phenoxyethanol, Caprylyl Glycol, Bisabolol, Zinc Sulfate, Parfum (Fragrance), Dimethicone, Allantoin, Disodium EDTA, Xanthan Gum, Pyridoxine HCl, Citric Acid, Pantethine, Magnesium Aspartate, Zinc Gluconate, Elaeis Guineensis (Palm) Oil, BHT, Tocotrienols, Sorbic Acid, Sodium Hyaluronate, Tocopherol, Copper Gluconate.
A bestseller of the Dr Perricone skin care line, Advanced Face Firming Activator transforms skin to look more toned while preventing further skin damage. Using this cream twice a day can visibly resurface skin’s texture, reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles , and enlarged pored, and reveal a radiant and healthy complexion.
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