Typically associated with the teenage years, acne is a problem that can continue to plague adults throughout their lifetime. One in five women between the ages of 25 and 40 has acne! By changing your skin care habits, you can finally rid yourself of these frustrating blemishes.
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There are two different types of non-inflammatory acne: whiteheads and blackheads. Although they all look different, they are all the result of clogged pores.
Pores are made up of a sweat gland, a hair follicle, and an oil gland. The oil gland lubricates skin and assists in the removal of dead skin cells. However, when the oil gland becomes overactive, the extra oil can mix with debris like dirt, dead skin, or bacteria to create a clog in the pore.
- Whiteheads are pores that are clogged with sebum (an oily substance) and closed at the surface.
- Blackheads are pores only partially clogged, leaving the pore open and exposed to oxygen, which gives it a dark color.
Teenage and adult acne treatment includes cleansing, exfoliating, and topical treatments.
Proper cleansing removes dirt and impurities to help improve tone, clarity, and texture. Perfectly clean skin also allows other treatments to penetrate better.
Never use harsh bar soaps or cleanse too often, as both dry out the skin. Even oily skin can be over-cleansed. When too much natural oil is stripped away, the skin can attempt to compensate by producing excess oil.
To properly wash your face, follow these steps:
- Prep by removing makeup and rinsing face with warm water (hot and cold can cause broken capillaries).
- Use a dime-sized amount of cleanser and gently lather in a circular motion.
- Rinse again thoroughly.
- Pat dry; don’t rub.
Exfoliate with a gentle scrub with Beta Hydroxy Acid. Beta Hydroxy Acids like salicylic acid exfoliate inside pores to keep them clear and discourage blockage. Avoid harsh, manual exfoliating scrubs because they can irritate blemishes and make acne worse.
3. Topical Treatments
Moisturizing is also important for acne-prone skin. Moisturizer keeps skin hydrated and balanced and often serves as a vehicle for antioxidants and nutrients, as well as treatments for acne, enlarged pores, and signs of aging. However, oily skin should be treated with the gentlest and lightest oil-free moisturizers.
Skin Clear, the Perricone acne kit, treats acne and prevents new blemishes. The kit includes Skin Clear Cleanser, Hydrator, Toner, and Supplements. The products work symbiotically to improve skin’s tone and texture and clear skin from the inside out and the outside in.